Raw Material Availability

Technical Textiles are manufactured from a variety of fibres and filaments based on the desired properties of the end product. The fibres and filaments can be broadly classified as natural and man-made.

Natural fibres

While India is a rich source of natural fibres, the requisite fibres for technical textiles are domestically available in ample supply. The natural fibres predominantly used in technical textiles include:

  1. Cotton
  2. Jute
  3. Silk
  4. Coir

Man-made fibres and polymers

Man-made fibres (MMF) and man-made filament yarns (MMFY) account for around 40% share of the total fibre consumption in the textile industry as a whole. These fibres form a key raw material for the technical textile industry because of their customizable properties. The key man-made fibres, filaments and polymers used as raw materials in technical textiles are:

Man-made fibres and filaments

  • Viscose
  • Polyester
  • Nylon
  • Acrylic/Modacrylic
  • Polypropylene

Polymers

  • HDPE
  • LLDPE
  • LDPE
  • PVC

India ranks among one of the world‘s largest producers of MMF and MMFY, with production of 1284.64 million kg and 1549.80 million kg in 2010-11, respectively. While production of MMF and MMFY registered growth of 1.31% and 1.78%[1], respectively, over the previous year alone, the last decade has witnessed a steady increase in production and consumption of major synthetic fibres and polymers, resulting in a fair degree of self-sufficiency in the domestic MMF and MMFY markets.

The following map shows the spread of various raw materials across different states in the country.

Kindly note that this representation of raw materials and their availability is based on secondary research.
[1] “Man-made Fibre and Filament Yarn industry,” Ministry of Textiles, Government of India website, 11 April 2012, http://texmin.nic.in/sector/sector_mmf_mmfy.pdf, accessed on 16 December 2012